graphic of a soldier TROY
Homer Bibliography

Alles, Gregory D. The Iliad, the Ramayana, and the Work of Religion: Failed Persuasion and Religious Mystification. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994. Atchity, Kenneth JohnHomer's Iliad: the shield of memory.  Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1978. 

Adkins, A. W. H. From the Many to the One: A Study of Personality and Views of Human Nature in the Context of Ancient Greek Society, Values, and Beliefs.  Ed. by Max Black. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1970.

-------. Moral Values and Political Behaviour in Ancient Greece: From Homer to the End of the Fifth Century. New York: Norton, 1972.

-------. Merit and Responsibility: A Study in Greek Values. 1960. Rpt. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975.

-------. "Threatening, Abusing and Feeling Angry in the Homeric Poems." Journal of Hellenic Studies LXXXIX (1969): 7ff.

Alexander, Caroline. The War that Killed Achilles: The True Story of Homer's Iliad and the Trojan War. New York: Viking, 2009. [This is a readable introduction to the Iliad that offers a sensible, well-researched and insightful guide to the core issue of the Iliad -- war. There is interesting background information about the Bronze Age and life in Homer's world. Alexander's analysis of the character of Achilles is especially helpful to general readers who can be rather put out by the violent personalities of the archaic heroes of this epic.]

Austin, Norman. Archery at the dark of the moon: poetic problems in Homer's Odyssey. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975. [oral formulas]

-------. Helen of Troy and Her Shameless Phantom. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994. [on the traditional and "revised" Helen/eidolon who didn't do anything wrong, sort of; Iliad through Euripides' Helen; the shameless, honor-less goddess/woman]

Bowra, C. M.  Heroic Poetry.  1952.  Rpt. New York: Saint Martin's Press, 1966.

Burgess, Jonathan S. The Tradition of the Trojan War in Homer & the Epic Cycle. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Bremmer, Jan N. The Early Greek Concept of the Soul. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. 4th Printing for Mythos Series, 1993. [Archaic Greek concept of soul as multiple, but still a sense of the individual, more or less; also on soul after death]

Br`cker, W. Theologie der Ilias, 1975.

Burkert, Walter. Creation of the Sacred: Tracks of Biology in Early Religions. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.

----------. Greek Religion. Trans. John Raffan. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard U. P., 1985. Trans. of Griechische Religion der archaischen und klassichen    Epoche. Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohnhammer, 1977.

----------. The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age. 1979.  Translated by Margaret E. Pinder and Walter Burkert.  Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard U. P., 1992. [thesis is that Homeric period was precisely when there was a significant interaction between oriental and Greek cultures; parallels between Gilgamesh and Iliad/Odyssey; 7 against Thebes and Mesopotamian story; crafts; rituals; demons; literary styles, etc. Cyprus a major touchpoint ca 650--controlled by Hittites yet a Greek culture]

-------. Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth. Trans. Peter Bing. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. Trans. of Homo Necans. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co., 1972.

-------. Structure and History in Greek Mythology and Ritual. First Paperback Printing. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Butterworth, E. A. S. Some Traces of the Pre-Olympian World in Greek Literature and Myth. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co., 1966. [a section on death of Agamemnon; a section on Helen; possible historical realities behind myths]

Carpenter, Rhys. Folk Tale, Fiction and Saga in the Homeric Epics. 1946. Rpt. University of California Press, 1962.

Chadwick, H. M. The Heroic Age. 1912. Rpt. Cambridge, 1967.

Clay, Jenny Strauss. The Wrath of Athena: Gods and Men in the   "Odyssey." Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Dawe. "Some reflections on ate and hamartia", Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 72 (1967): 89-123.

Delcourt, M. Pyrrhos et Pyrrha: Recherches sur les valeurs du feu dans les lJgendes hellJniques. BibliothPque de la FacultJ de Philosophie et Lettres de l'UniversitJ de LiPge 174. Paris, 1965. [of fire magic and Achilles and such.]

Detienne, Marcel and Jean-Pierre Vernant. The Cuisine of Sacrifice Among the Greeks. Trans. Paula Wissing. With Essays by Jean-Louis Durand, Stella Georgoudi, Francois Hartog and Jesper Svenbro. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1989.

Dietrich, B. Death, Fate and the Gods. London, 1965.

Diehle, Albrecht. The Theory of Will in Classical Antiquity. Sather Classical Lectures No. 48. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Dilworth, Thomas. "The fall of Troy and the slaughter of the suitors: Ultimate symbolic correspondence in the Odyssey." Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature Jun 1994, Vol. 27 No. 2: 1-24.

Dodds, E. R. The Greeks and the Irrational. Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. 25. 1951. Rpt. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.

Edmunds, Lowell, Ed. and Intro. Approaches to Greek Myth. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.

Edwards, Mark W. Homer. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987. [good on Achilles]

Ehnmark, Erland. The Idea of God in Homer. Uppsala, 1935. [Fate; divine=power]

Erbse, H. Untersuchungen zur Funktion der Gotter im homerischen Epos. Berlin and New York, 1986

Eliade, M. Myth and Reality. Trans. W. Trask. New York, 1963.

Evelyn-White, Ed. Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, and Homerica. Cambridge, Mass.: Loeb series, new and revised edition, 1936. [contains the outline of the Trojan cycle of Proclus, summarized by Photius]

Farnell, L. R. Greek Hero-Cults and Ideas of Immortality. Oxford, 1921. [311 ff. on fire magic and such]

Finley, M. I The World of Odysseus. New York.: Viking, 1954.

Fischer, Norman. Sailing Home: Using the Wisdom of Homer's Odyssey to Navigate Life's Perils and Pitfalls. Free Press, 2008. This is a Zen Buddhist's use of the story of the Odyssey as a metaphor for the journey of self-knowledge. It really is interesting, very pleasant and informative, if not exactly classical Homeric scholarship.

Ford, AndrewHomer: The Poetry of the Past.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992. 

Frankel, H Early Greek Poetry and Philosophy.  Trans. M. Hadas and J. Willis. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Javonovich, 1975. [on Homeric Gods--a major source; includes Gods/Men; also a bit on Hesiod and the decline of ages; heroes don't fit the pattern--no metal]

Garland, Robert. The Greek Way of Death. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Girard, RenJ. Violence and the Sacred. Trans. Patrick Gregory.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.

Greene, William Chase. Moira: Fate, Good, and Evil in Greek Thought. 1944. Rpt. Gloucester, Mass: Peter Smith, 1968.

Golden, Leon.  "Dios apat e and the unity of Iliad 14." Mnemosyne Vol. 42 fasc1/2 ('89): 1-11.  [gods and goddesses; suffering; Trojan War]

Havelock, Eric A. Preface to Plato. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1963.

Jaynes, Julian. The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1976. [from a psychologist's point of view; rather iffy classical scholarship, but deals with the same issues that Snell, Havelock, Adkins et al are puzzled by--the gods in the Iliad and what happens to them later on]

Johnston, Sarah Iles. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Jamison, Stephanie W.  "Draupadi on the Walls of Troy: Iliad 3 from an Indic Perspective."  Classical Antiquity Apr 1994, Vol. 13 No.1: 5-16. 

Jones, P. V.  "The past in Homer's Odyssey."  Journal of Hellenic Studies 1992, Vol. 112: 74-90.  [how Homer invented/ constructed the past]

Karavites, Peter (Panayiotis), with the collaboration of Thomas Wren. Promise-Giving and Treating-Making: Homer and the Near East. New York: E. J. Brill, 1992.

Kim, Jinyo. The Pity of Achilles: Oral Style and the Unity of the Iliad. Rowman and Littlefield, 2000. 

Kirk, G. S. Homer and the Epic. Cambridge University Press paperback, 1965. -------. Myth: Its Meaning and Functions in Ancient and Other Cultures. Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. 40. University of California Press. 1970. First paperback edition, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1973. Kullmann, W. Das Wirken der Gotter in der Ilias, 1956.

Lamberton, Robert. Homer the Theologian: Neoplatonist Allegorical Reading and the Growth of the Epic Tradition. 1986.  First Paperback Printing.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989. [on how later cultures used Homer to express their own mystical cravings]

Lattimore, Richmond.  The Iliad of Homer.  Translated and with an Introduction by Lattimore. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.  [a fine introduction, including discussion of epic cycle, Homer's place therein, summaries of the stories, etc., p. 26 a table of the epics of the cycle, authors, no. of books, part of Troy story covered]

Latacz, Joachim. Homer, His Art and His World. J. Holoka, trans. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996. [Byrn Mawr Review by Erwin Cook says this is a biased but instructive overview of Germanic Homeric studies.]

Lefkowitz, Mary R. Women in Greek Myth. 1986. Paperback rpt. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990. 

Lesky, Albin.  Gottliche und menschliche Motivation im homerischen Epos.  Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1961.

Lloyd-Jones, Hugh. The Justice of Zeus. Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. 41. 1971. First paperback edition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.

MacCary, W. ThomasChildlike Achilles: Ontogeny and Phylogeny in the Iliad.  New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1982. [follows Snell]

Malkin, Irad. The Returns of Odysseus: Colonization and Ethnicity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

McGlew, James F.  "Royal power and the Achaean assembly at Iliad 2.84-393."  Classical Antiquity Vol.8 (Oct. '89):283-95.[Agamemnon; power; Trojan war]

Morris, Ian. Darkness and Heroes. Oxford, 1997. [Chapters 4-8 on changes in burial in the seventh century.]

Morrison, James V. Homeric misdirection: false predictions in the Iliad. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992.

Muellner, Leonard. The Anger of Achilles: Menis in Greek Epic. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Nagy, GregoryThe Best of the Achaeans: Concepts of the Hero in Archaic Greek Poetry. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1979.

-------. Pindar's Homer: The Lyric Possession of an Epic Past. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.

Nilsson, Martin P. "Gotter and Psychologie bei Homer," Archiv fur Religionswissenschaft 22 (1924): 363-90. Rpt. in Opuscula selecta ad historiam religionis Graecae, I - III, Lund, 1951 - 60, I 355-91.

---------.  A History of Greek Religion. 1925. Second Edition, 1952. Rpt. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.  1964. --------.   Homer and Mycenae. 1933. Rpt. New York: Cooper Square Publishers, Inc. 1968. ---------. The Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology. 1932. Reissued with a New Introduction and Bibliography by Emily Vermeule. Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. Eight. Berkeley: University. of California, 1972.

North, Helen. Sophrosyne: Self-Knowledge and Self-Restraint in Greek Literature. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1966. 

O'Brien, Joan V. The Transformation of Hera: A Study of Ritual, Hero, and the Goddess in the Iliad. Savage, Maryland.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1993.

Osborne, Robin. Greece in the Making, 1200-479 BC. London and New York: Routledge, 1996. [according to the BMR Review by Lynn E.Roller, this is a general handbook; accessible to non-specialist, yet scholarly; good bibliography]

Otto, Walter F. The Homeric Gods: The Spritual Significance of Greek Religion. 1954. Trans. Moses Hadas. Rpt. New York: Octagon Books, 1978.

Parry, Adam, Ed. The Making of Homeric Verse: The Collected Papers of Milman Parry. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971. [oral-formulaic verse; lots of tables]

Parry, Milman. "The Traditional Epithet in Homer." First printed as "L'IpithPte traditionelle dans HomPre," Paris, 1928. Rpt. in English in Adam Parry, The Making of Homeric Verse, above.

Redfield, James M. Nature and culture in the Iliad: the tragedy of Hector.  Expanded ed. Durham: Duke University Press, 1994. 

Rohde, Erwin. Psyche: the Cult of Souls and Belief in Immortality Among the Greeks. Vol. II. Trans. from the 8th Ed. by W. B. Hillis. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1966.

Sale, William Merritt. "The government of Troy: Politics in the Iliad."  Greek, Roman & Byzantine Studies Spring 1994, Vol. 35 No.1: 5-102. [Homer wanted readers to feel sympathy for Trojans]

Segal, Charles. The Theme of the Mutilation of the Corpse in the Iliad. Leiden, 1971. [on the contrast between Troy-civilization and Achilles-savagery; later repaired; works at level of formulae, mostly]

Singor, H. W. "Nine against Troy." Mnemosyne 1991, Vol. 4421-2: 17-62. [epic imagery of warfare in Iliad; list of ships]

Slatkin, Laura M. The Power of Thetis: Allusion and Interpretation in the Iliad. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Snell, Bruno. The Discovery of Mind.  T. Rosenmeyer, tr., Oxford, 1953. [ch. 6.  misleading to use "body" and "soul" in Homer because not yet unity of sense of self; Snell; Havelock and Jaynes and Versenyi follow him in these ideas]

Stanford, W. B. The Ulysses Theme: A Study in the Adaptability of a Traditional Hero. 1954. Rpt. of the revised, 1968 edition, with a new forward by Charles Boer. Dallas: Spring Publications, 1992.. 

Steiner, George and Robert Fagles, Eds. Homer: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views. Prentice Hall, 1962.

Strauss, Barry. The Trojan War: A New History. 2006. Simon & Schuster Paperback, 2007. [Barry Strauss is both a historian and a classicist and he tells a lively story of the war at Troy. He includes much up to date archaeological information to add authenticity to his excellent storytelling abilities. I solidly recommend this to anyone interested in the "war" elements of the Trojan War, from body armor to military tactics.] However, for a scholarly and negative review of the book, see this article by Christoph Ulf in the Michgan War Studies Review.

Traill, David A. "Unfair to Hector?" Classical Philology Vol. 85 (Oct.1990): 299-303.[heroes in literature;hector]

Tsagarakis, O. Nature and Background of Major Concepts of Divine Power in Homer, 1976. [useful; on gods as power]

Van Brock, N. "Substitution rituelle." Revue Hittite et Asianique 65 (1959): 117-146.

VersJnyi, Laszlo. Man's Measure: A Study of the Greek Image of Man from Homer to Sophocles.  Albany: State University of New York Press, 1974. [refers a lot to Snell, Mindl]

Vermeule, Emily T. Aspects of Death in Early Greek Art and Poetry. Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. 46. 1979. First Paperback printing.  Berkeley: University of California Press. 1981.

Vernant, Jean-Pierre. "La belle mort et le cadavre outragJ,"in Lamort, les morts dans les sociJtJs anciennes. Eds. G, Gnoli and J. -P. Vernant. Cambridge and Paris, 1982: 45-76.[on sacrifices (human) to Ares; parallels to how Achilles dealt with Hector's body; mutilation/ sacrifice.]

-------. Mortals and Immortals. Essays. 1991.

-------. Myth and tragedy in ancient Greece. Cambridge, Mass.: Zone Books, 1988.

-------. The Origins of Greek Thought. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982.

-------. Myth and Society in Ancient Greece. trans. by Janet Lloyd, 1974.

Wace, Alan J. B. and Frank H. Stubbings, Eds. 1962. A Companion to Homer. Rpt. Great Britain: The Macmillan Co. 1969.

West, M. L. The East Face of Helicon: West Asiatic Elements in Greek Poetry and Myth. 1997. Paperback edition: New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Whitman, Cedric H. Homer and the Heroic Tradition. 1958. Rpt. New York: W. W. Norton.  1965.

Williams, Bernard. Shame and Necessity. Sather Classical Lectures No. 57.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Woodford, Susan. The Trojan War in Ancient Art. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993. [studies the images as mythography; retells the troy story using the images as exempla]

Yamagata, Naoko. Homeric Morality. New York: E. J. Brill, 1994.

Zanker, Graham. The heart of Achilles: characterizaton of personal ethics in the Iliad. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Last Updated: October 13, 2010

© Thompson: 9/22/1998