HIS 102
Unit 4:  French Revolution
Arc de Triomphe

Looking down the Champs-Élysées in Paris to the Arc de Triomphe looming in the distance

Arc de Triomphe

The Arc de Triomphe was initially commissioned in 1806 after the French victory in the Battle of Austerlitz. (The Battle of the Three Emperors in which Napoleon defeated the armies of Russia and Austria.)  The Arc was conceived in the style of the old Roman imperial triumphal arche, but it was not completed until the early 1830s.  By then the international fortunes of France had changed significantly, and the "Arc" was then re-interpreted to be a symbol of peace, not a symbol of Napoleon's victories.

Blue Separator Bar
What you must do in this unit What you can do in this unit Some videos that you can watch for this unit Extra Credit Options
  • Take the short 5-point quiz for chapter 18. Log into Blackboard and look under "Chapter Quizzes." You have five minutes to complete each quiz (multiple-choice questions).
  • For a maximum of up to 100 points, consider writing a 2-3 page paper in which you explore some of the causes of the French Revolution.  When the French National Assembly met, the representatives of the three estates of French society received cahiers (letters or notes) of problems and concerns from their constituents.  Many of these cahiers have survived and are now an excellent source for historians studying the causes of the French Revolution.  Here are some of them that are available on the web--there are many others--that you can use in this extra credit exercise:
  • For a maximum of 50 points extra credit, write a one-page paper (maybe two pages if they are exceptional) that provides a detailed comparison of the US Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man.
  • For a maximum of 25 points extra credit, in a long paragraph comment upon Voltaire's criticism of organized religion in his dictionary entry.
  • For a maximum of 25 points extra credit, in a long paragraph assess Robespierre's justification of the use of terror (Would Thomas Jefferson have approved?) during the French Revolution (see www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/robespierre-terror.html).
  • For a maximum of 10 points extra credit, answer the French Declaration of the Rights of Man study sheet questions.
  • For extra credit, please suggest a relevant website for this unit of the course.  Send the title of the site, the url and a brief explanation why you find the information interesting and applicable to the material being studied this unit.

This page is copyright © 2006-12, C.T. Evans
For information contact cevans@nvcc.edu