of hundreds of Iraqi Islamic activists and the execution of five religious
leaders in 1974 as chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council.
execution of 21 Ba’ath Party leaders in 1979 in Iraq.
attack on Iran in 1980.
arrest, torture, and execution of Ayatollah Mohamad baqir Al Sadr and his
sister Amina Al in 1980.
the Iran-Iraq war Hussein used chemical weapons and summarily executed thousands
of Iranian prisoners of war.
arrest of 90 members of the Al Hakim family and the execution of 16 members
of that family in 1983.
the Anfal campaign Hussein used chemical weapons on Kurdish cities including
Halabja in 1988, in which as many as 5,000 people were killed, mostly civilians.
deportation of Kurdish and Turkomen families to southern Iraq displacing of
populations of Marsh Arab and Shi'a Arab villages have been forcibly expelled.
Government forces have burned their houses and fields, and demolished houses
with bulldozers. Thousands of civilians were summarily executed.
- Assassination of opposition figures outside Iraq such Hardan
Al Tikriti, former Defense Minister, in Kuwait in 1973; Haj Sahal Al Salman
in UAE in 1981; Sami Mahdi and Ni'ma Mohamad in Pakistan in 1987; Sayed Mahdi
Al Hakim in Sudan in 1988; and Shaikh Talib Al Suhail in Lebanon in 1994.
of chemical weapons in Halabja
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