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BIO 141 Human Anatomy And Physiology I (4 Credits)

This course is the first semester of a two-semester sequence (BIO 141-142 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I-II - 4 credits each). Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Integrates concepts of chemistry, physics, and pathology.

Prerequisite: Placement into ENG 111.


Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to:

  1. diagram and describe the atomic structure of biologically important elements.
  2. explain the principles of chemical bonding and apply those principles to the formation of both inorganic and organic molecules.
  3. describe the composition and organization of water, acids, bases, salts, buffers, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids and explain the biological role of each.
  4. describe the fundamental principles involved in chemical reactions and apply them to specific examples.
  5. list the following anatomical terminology:
    1. the systems of the human body and the organs comprising each system,
    2. the levels of structural organization,
    3. directional terms,
    4. body cavities and their membranes,
    5. quadrants of the abdominopelvic cavity,
    6. surface areas of the body,
    7. sectional planes of the body.
  6. diagram a typical animal cell, label the component parts and explain their functions.
  7. outline the movement of materials across the cell membrane.
  8. compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis.
  9. diagram the types of tissues and state the function of each of the tissue types.
  10. describe the anatomy and physiology of the integumentary system of man.
  11. describe the anatomy of bone and cartilage.
  12. name the major bones of the skeletal system of man and their associated anatomical landmarks.
  13. classify each of the bones according to their shape and then according to the subdivision of the skeletal system to which they belong.
  14. list the signs, symptoms, and complications of a fracture. Then describe the type of fractures.
  15. list the major types of joints and their several subtypes.
  16. list the major muscles of the muscular system and state their location, origin, insertion, action, and innervation.
  17. list the types of muscle tissue and describe their location, appearance, and physiology.
  18. describe the structure of the motor unit and identify the mechanism whereby the neuron activates the muscle cell and the mechanism whereby the muscle cell contracts.
  19. discuss the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system of man and related clinical disorders.
  20. explain neuronal and synaptic transmission.
  21. describe the anatomy and physiology of the special senses of man.


Possible assignments Include: (Subject to change each semester. The actual assignments are available in the Syllabus in the Blackboard course site on the first day of classes.)

Percentage of Grade
6 Exams 600 (100 points each) 60%
6 Unit Quizzes 90 (15 points each) 9%
8 Critical thinking Questions 40 (5 points each) 4%
6 Lab Assignments 150 15%
Medical Experience Sharing Paper Discussion 90 points 9%
Study Technique Discussion 10 1%
Introduction Discussion 10 points 1%
Unit 0 Quiz 10 points 1%
1000 points

Plagiarism Policy

Your work, including answers to the critical thinking questions and the discussion posts will be checked against plagiarism. Please don't copy and paste from sources directly. You will have one opportunity to redo the assignment if plagiarism is found. If plagiarism is found again in your second submission, you will receive 0 points for the assignment.

All of the proctored exams are closed book exams. No notes, Internet access, or electronic devices is allowed during testing. Violation of these rules will not be tolerated. Any violations of these policies may result in an 'F' for the course and/or academic suspension depending on the situation.

Course Final Grade:

Your final grade will be based on the following scale. Please note that you must pass at least two of the six proctored exams in order to pass the course, regardless of your scores on the other assignments.

A 900-1000 90-100
B 800-899 80-89
C 700-799 70-79
D 600-699 60-69
F 0-599 0-59



There are 6 exams in this course. The exams are online and must be taken at a testing center.

NOVA Online Policies and Procedures
Beginning the Course

Last Updated: August 13, 2018