graphic of maiden TROY
Chaucer's Troilus & Criseyde Bibliography

Adler, Alfred. "Militia et Amor in the Roman de Troie." Romanische Forschungen 72 (1960): 14-24.

Andrew, Malcolm. "The Fall of Troy in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and Troilus and Criseyde." The European Tragedy of Troilus. Ed. Piero Boitani. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989: 75-93. [fall of Troy as fall of pagan civilization].

ap Roberts, Robert P. "Criseyde's Infidelity and the Moral of the Troilus." Speculum 44 (July 1969): 383-402.

------- and Anna Bruni Seldis (trans.). Giovanni Boccaccio: Il Filostrato.  New York, 1986. "Introduction."

Archibald, Elizabeth. "Declarations of 'Entente'  in Troilus and Criseyde." The Chaucer Review25.3 (1991): 190-213.[intention; deception; English language]

Atwood, Elmer Bagby. "English Versions of the Historia Trojana." Diss. Univ. of Virginia, 1932.

Benson, C. David. "Critic and poet: what Lydgate and Henryson did to Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde." Modern Language Quarterly 53 (Mar. 1992): 23-40. [historical poetry]

-------, ed. Critical Essays on Chaucers Troilus and Criseyde and his Major Early Poems. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991: 57-67.

-------. The History of Troy in Middle English Literature: Guido delle Colonne's "Historia Destructionis Troiae" in Medieval England. Totowa, N. J.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1980.[admirable acc. to Antonelli.  "Guido's account was accepted during the late Middle Ages as the authentic history of the fall of Troy" (Antonelli: 84)]

-------. "Prudence, Othea and Lydgate's death of Hector." The American Benedictine Review 26:115-23.

-------. "True Troilus and False Cressid: The Descent from Tragedy.In The European Tragedy of Troilus. Ed. Piero Boitani. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989: 153-170.

Berry, Craig A. "The king's business: negotiating chivalry in Troilus and Criseyde." The Chaucer Review 26.3 (1992): 236-65. [chivalry; courts & courtiers]

Bloomfield, Morton W. "Distance and Predestination in Troilus and Criseyde." PMLA 72 (1957): 14-26. Rpt. in Chaucer Criticism II: Troilus and Criseyde and the Minor Poems. Eds. Richard J. Schoeck and Jerome Taylor.  Notre Dame: Indiana. 1961: 196-210.

Blyth, Charles. "Virgilian tragedy and Troilus." The Chaucer Review 24.3 (1990): 211-18. [causation in literature]

Boethius. The Theological Tractates and The Consolation of Philosophy. Trans. by H. F. Stewart, E. K. Rand and S. J. Tester. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1973.

Boitani, Piero, ed. Chaucer and the Italian Trecento. Cambridge, 1983.

-------. English Medieval Narrative in the 13th and 14th  Centuries. Cambridge, 1982

-------, ed. The European Tragedy of Troilus.  Oxford, 1989. [excellent]

------- and Jill Mann, eds. The Cambridge Chaucer Companion.  Cambridge, 1986.

Bowers, John M. "How Criseyde Falls in Love." The Expansion and Transformation of Courtly Literature. Ed. Nathaniel B. Smith and Joseph T. Snow. Selected papers from the Second Triennial Congress of the International Courtly Literature Society. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1980: 141-55.

Brewer, Derek. "Comedy and Tragedy in Troilus and Criseyde." The European Tragedy of Troilus. Ed. Piero Boitani. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989: 95-109.

Brown, William H., Jr. "A separate peace: Chaucer and the   Troilus of tradition," Journal of English and Germanic Philology Vol. 83 (Oct. '84): 492-508.  [Troilus as legendary; argues "Chaucer probably did not use any of Dictys' materials."]

Calabrese, Michael A. Chaucer's Ovidian arts of love.  Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994.

Campbell, Jennifer. "Figuring Criseyde's "Entente": Authority, Narrative, and Chaucer's Use of History."  The Chaucer Review 27.4 (1993): 342-58.  [literature and history; authority; point of view; women in lit]

Carpenter, Thomas H. Art and Myth in Ancient Greece: a Handbook. London: Thames and Hudson, 1991. [Information on the myth of Troilus.]

Chaucer, Geoffrey. Troilus and Criseyde in The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Ed. F. N. Robinson, 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1961.

Christmas, Peter. "Troilus and Criseyde: The Problems of Love and Necessity." Chaucer Review Vol. 9 No. 4 (1975): 285-96

Conlee, John W. "The Meaning of Troilus' Ascension to the Eighth Sphere." Chaucer Review Vol. 7 (1972): 27-36.

Cope, Jackson I. "Chaucer, Venus and the "Seventhe Spere,"" Modern Language Notes 67 (1952): 245-6.

Crampton, Georgia Ronan. "Action and Passion in Chaucer's Troilus." Medium AEvum 43.1 (1974): 22-36.[on topos of action and suffering; Troilus suffers and reflects; Pandarus acts; Criseyde does some of each]

Curry, Walter Clyde. Chaucer and the Mediaeval Sciences; 2nd Edition. Oxford, 1960.

-------. "Destiny in Chaucer's Troilus." PMLA 45 (1930): 129-68. Rpt. in Chaucer Criticism II Troilus and Criseyde and the Minor Poems. Eds. Richard Schoeck and Jerome Taylor. Notre Dame, Indiana.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1961: 39-70.

Dean, James M. "Chaucer's Troilus, Boccaccio's Filostrato, and the poetics of closure." Philological Quarterly Vol. 64 (Spring '85): 175-84.  [argues that the narrator changes like everyone else in the poem, thus ending makes sense when he too rejects earthly love]

Denomy, Alexander, J., C. S. B. "The Two Moralities of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde." Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada. Vol. XLIV, Ser. III, sec. 2 (June, 1950): 35-46. Rpt. in Chaucer Criticism II: 147-59.

Donaldson, E. Talbot. "Briseis, Briseida, Criseyde, Cresseid, Cressid: Progress of a Heroine." In Chaucerian Problems and Perspectives.  Eds. Edward Vasta and Zacharias P. Thundy. Notre Dame, Indiana, 1979.

-------. "The Ending of 'Troilus.'" In Speaking of Chaucer by E. Talbot Donaldson.  N. Y.: W. W. Norton, 1970: 84-101. [includes "The Myth of Courtly Love"]

Drake, Gertrude C. "The Moon and Venus: Troilus's Havens in Eternity." Papers on Language and Literature 11 (1975): 3-17.

Dronke, Peter. "Chaucer and the Medieval Latin Poets." In Geoffrey Chaucer: Writers and Their Background. Ed. Derek Brewer. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1974: 154-83.

--------.  "The Conclusion of ,Troilus and Criseyde." Medium AEvum 33 (1964): 47-52.

Eldgedge, Laurence. "Boethian Epistemology and Chaucer's Troilus in the Light of Fourteenth-Century Thought," Mediaevalia 2 (1976): 50-75.

Ferris, Sumner. "Venus and the virgin: the proem to book III of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde as a model for the prologue to the Prioress's tale." The Chaucer Review Vol. 27 No. 3 ('93): 252-9.

Fleming, John V. Classical imitation and interpretation in Chaucer's Troilus. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

-------.  "Deiphoebus betrayed: Virgilian decorum, Chaucerian feminism." The Chaucer Review 21.2 (1986): 182-99.[feminism; betrayal; truth]

Frankis, John.  "Paganism and Pagan Love in Troilus and Criseyde." In Mary Salu (ed.), Essays on "Troilus and Criseyde. Cambridge, 1979: 57-72.            

Gallagher, Joseph E. "Criseyde's Dream of the Eagle: Love and War in Troilus and Criseyde." Modern Language Quarterly 36 (1975): 115-32.

-------. "Theology and Intention in Chaucer's Troilus." Chaucer Review 7 (1972): 44-66.

Gleason, Mark J. "Nicholas Trevet, Boethius, Boccaccio: Contexts of Cosmic Love in Troilus, Book III," Medievalia et Humanistica 15 (1987): 161-88.

Gordon, I. L. The Double Sorrow of Troilus: A Study of  Ambiguities in "Troilus and Criseyde." Oxford, 1970. [30-40 a Boethian interpretation]

Gordon, Robert Kay Trans. and Intro. The story of Troilus: as told by Benoit de Sainte-Maure, Giovanni Boccacio,Geoffrey Chaucer [and] Robert Henryson. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co, Inc., 1964. Rpt. University of Toronto Press, 1979.

Grant, Edward. Physical Science in the Middle Ages. The Cambridge History of Science Series. 1971. Rpt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Haahr, Joan G. "Criseyde's inner debate: the dialectic of enamorment in the Filostrato and the Troilus," Studies in Philology Vol. 89 (Summer '92): 257-71.  [love; dialectic]

Haas, R. "Chaucer's Monk's Tale: An Ingenious Criticism of Early Humanist Conceptions of Tragedy," Humanistica Lovaniensia 36 (1987): 44-70. [A good recent discussion of the De Casibus tragedy which tells how the mighty are fallen, which "dominates the notions of tragedy in English from Chaucer's       time to the end of the sixteenth century. It is sometimes called Gothic Tragedy." Derek Brewer, p. 100 in "Comedy and Tragedy in Troilus in Boitani, European Troilus.]

Hanson, T. "The Center of Troilus and Criseyde." The Chaucer Review 9.4 (Spring 1975): 297-301.

Hatcher, Elizabeth R. "Chaucer and the Psychology of Fear: Troilus in Book V." ELH 40 (Fall 1973): 307-24.

Henryson, Robert. The Testament of Cresseid. The Story of Troilus. Trans. and Intro. R. K. Gordon. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1964: 350-83.

Hoy, James. "Chaucer and Dictys." Medium Aevum 59.2 (1990): 288-91. [Chaucer sources; T&C; argues that Chaucer may have known text of Dictys from when he was in Italy]

Huber, John. "Troilus' Predestination Soliloquy: Chaucer's Changes from Boethius." Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 66 (1965):120-5.

Kaminsky, Alice R. Chaucer's "Troilus and Criseyde" and the Critics. Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1980.

Kaylor, Noel Harold, Jr. "Boethian resonance in Chaucer's Canticus Troili." The Chaucer Review 27.3 (1993): 219-27. 

Kearney, Milo and Mimosa Schraer. "The flaw in Troilus," The Chaucer Review 22.3 (1988):185-91.[cowardice; silence]

Lewis, C. S. "What Chaucer Really Did to Il Filostrato."  Essays and Studies by Members of the English Association, XVII (1932): 56-75. Rpt. in Chaucer Criticism, Vol. II., eds. Richard J Schoeck and Jerome Taylor (1961; rpt. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1971): 16-33.

Lumiansky, Robert M. "The Alliterative Morte Arthure, the Concept of Medieval Tragedy, and the Cardinal Virtue Fortitude." Medieval and Renaissance Studies: Proceedings of the Southeastern Institute of Medieval and Renaissance Studies - Summer 1967. Ed. John M. Headley. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 1967: 95-117.

Lydgate. Lydgate's Troy Book. Edited by Henry Bergen. Part 1. Prologue, Book I and Book II. Early English Text Society Extra Series 97, 1906. Rpt. Kraus, Millwood, New York, 1975.

-------. Lydgate's Troy Book. Edited by Henry Bergen. Parts II and III. Early English Text Society Extra Series 103 and 106; 1908, 1910; Rpt. Kraus: Millwood, New York, 1975.

Mann, Jill. "Chance and Destiny in Troilus and Criseyde and the Knight's Tale." In The Cambridge Chaucer Companion. Piero Boitani and Jill Mann, Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986: 75-92.

------.  Geoffrey Chaucer.  London, 1991.

-------. Shakespeare and Chaucer: "’What is Criseyde worth?’" In Piero Boitani, Ed. The European Tragedy of Troilus. 1989: 219-42.

Manzalaoui, Mahmoud. "Chaucer and Science." In Geoffrey Chaucer: Writers and their background. Derek Brewer, Ed. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press. 1974: 224-61.

McCall, John P. Chaucer Among the Gods. Philadelphia, 1979. 

------. "Chaucer's May 3," Modern Language Notes, 76 (1961): 201-5.

-------. "The Trojan Scene in Chaucer's Troilus." In C. David Benson, Ed. Critical Essays on Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde and his Major Early Poems. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991:57-67. [on tainted Trojan tradition]

McGregor, James H. "Troilus's hymn to Venus and his choice of loves in Boccaccio's Filostrato." Romance Philology 41 (Aug. 1987): 48-57. [love; role of venus tradition]

Meech, Sandord. Design in Chaucer's Troilus. 1959. Rpt. New York: Greenwood Press, 1969.

Mieszkowski, Gretchen. The Reputation of Criseyde 1150-1500. Transactions published by the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, New Haven, Conn., vol. 43 (Dec. 1971): 71-153. [The Shoestring Press; 403-439-3681 in Alberta, Canada; Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences: Elizabeth Knox, Publications Manager; 203-432-3313]

Minnis, Alaistair J.  Chaucer and Pagan Antiquity. Cambridge, 1982.

-------. Chaucer's Boece and the Medieval Tradition of Boethius. 1993.

Morgan, Gerald. "The Freedom of the Lovers in Troilus and Criseyde," in John Scattergood (ed.), Literature and Learning in Medieval and Renaissance England: Essays Presented to Fitzroy Pyle. Dublin, 1984: 59-102.

Nolan, Barbara. Chaucer and the Tradition of the Roman Antique.  Cambridge, 1992.

North, J. D. Chaucer's Universe.  Oxford, 1988.

Owen, Charles A., Jr. "The Problem of Free Will in Chaucer's Narratives." Philological Quarterly 46.4 (Oct. 1967): 433-56.

Patch, Howard R. "Troilus on Determinism." Speculum 6 (1931): 225-43.  Rpt. in Chaucer Criticism II: Troilus and Criseyde and the Minor Poems. Eds. Richard J. Schoeck and Jerome Taylor. Notre Dame, Indiana, 1961: 71-85.

------"Troilus on Predestination," Journal of English and Germanic Philology. 17 (1918): 399-423. Rpt. in Chaucer: Modern Essays in Criticism. Ed. Edward Wagenknecht. A Galaxy Book. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1959: 366-84.

Patterson, Lee. Chaucer and the Subject of History. Madison,  Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991[long chapter 2, "Troilus and Criseyde and the Subject of History"]

Payne, F. Anne. Chaucer and Menippean Satire. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1981. [includes chapters on "Fortune, Happiness and Love in T&C" and "Freedom in T&C"]

Pearsall, Derek. John Lydgate. Routledge and Kegan Paul: London, 1970. Medieval Authors. General Editors Roger Fowler & John Norton-Smith.

Reale, Nancy M. "'Bitwixen game and ernest': Troilus and Criseyde as a post-Boccaccian response to the Commedia."    Philological Quarterly 71 (Spring 1992): 155-71.    

Reichl, Karl. "Chaucer's Troilus: Philosophy and Language." In The European Tragedy of Troilus. Ed. Piero Boitani.  Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989: 133-152.

Robertson, D. W. Jr. "The Concept of Courtly Love as an Impediment to the Understanding of Medieval Texts." The Meaning of Courtly Love. Ed. F. X. Newman. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1968. First paperbound printing, 1972:1-18.

-------. A Preface to Chaucer: Studies in Medieval Perspective. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.1962. Third Princeton Univ. Press Paperback Printing 1973.[Chapter V., "Some Medieval Doctrines of Love," which goes from critiquing Andreas to Chaucer's T&C; questions the concept of "courtly love"]

Salemi, Joseph S. "Playful Fortune and Chaucer's Criseyde." Chaucer Review 15.3 (1981): 209-23.

Schoeck, Richard J., and Taylor, Jerome Eds. Chaucer Criticism II: Troilus and Criseyde and the Minor Poems. Notre Dame, Indiana,1961.[a major collection of essays of interest]

Schricker, Gale C.  "The psychic struggle of the narrative ego   in the conclusion of Troilus and Criseyde." Philological Quarterly 72.1 (Winter 1993): 15-31. [persona; psychoanalysis; lit. & morals]

Shepherd, Geoffrey T."Religion and Philosophy in Chaucer." In Geoffrey Chaucer: Writers and their Background. Ed. Derek Brewer. London, 1974: 262-89.

-------.  "Troilus and Criseyde." In Chaucer and Chaucerians. Ed. D. S. Brewer. Alabama: University of Alabama  Press. 1966. Rpt. in Chaucer and His Contemporaries: Essays on Medieval Literature and Thought. Ed. and Intro. by Helaine Newstead. Literature and Ideas Series. Gen. Ed.  Irving Howe. New York: Fawcett World Library,1968: 143-  63.

Spearing, A. C. Medieval to Renaissance in English Poetry. Cambridge, 1985. [ch. 2, "Chaucer's Classical Romances]

Steadman, John M. Disembodied Laughter: Troilus and the Apotheosis Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Stillinger, Thomas C. The song of Troilus: lyric authority in the medieval book. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania  Press, 1992.

Stokes, Myra. "The Moon in Leo in Book V of Troilus and Criseyde." Chaucer Review 17 (1982): 116-29.

Stroud, Theodore A. "Boethius' influence on Chaucer's Troilus." Modern Philology 49 (1951-2). Rpt. in  Chaucer Criticism II: Troilus And Criseyde and the Minor Poems.  Eds. Richard J. Schoeck and Jerome Taylor. Notre Dame, Ind., 1961: 122-35.

-------. "The palinode, the narrator, and Pandarus's alleged incest." The Chaucer Review Vol. 17 No.1 ('92):16-30.

Wack, Mary F. Lovesickness in the Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990.

Wallace, David.  "Chaucer's Continental inheritance: the early poems and Troilus and Criseyde." In The Cambridge Chaucer Companion. Piero Boitani and Jill Mann, Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986: 19-37.

Windeatt, Barry. Troilus and Criseyde. Oxford Guides to   Chaucer. Oxford: Clarendon Press,1992. [excellent overview of current Chaucer scholarship on T&C; sections on sources, stars, freedom, and ending]

Wood, Chauncey. "Chaucer and Astrology." In Companion to Chaucer Studies. Ed. Beryl Rowland. 1968. Rev. ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979: 202-220.

-------. Chaucer and the Country of the Stars: Poetic Uses of Astrological Imagery. Princeton: Princeton University Press,   1970.[180-91 on Troilus in spheres: "Three  Astrological Cruxes"]

Woods, Marjorie Curry. "Chaucer the rhetorician: Criseyde and her family." The Chaucer Review Vol..20 No.1 ('85): 28-39.

Last Updated: October 14, 2010

© Thompson: 9/22/1998