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1.  Which of the following statements is always true?  All cells
a.  have a cell membrane        b.  contain a nucleus        c.  have a cell wall

2.  Which of the following forms of life is NOT eukaryotic?
a.    a protist such as an amoeba                     b.     a plant cell such as Elodea    
c.    a bacterial cell such as Streptococcus     d.    a human cell such as a red blood cell

3.  An electron microscope is needed for seeing
a.   the cell membrane    b.  chloroplasts    c.   nerve cells    d.  the nucleus

4.  Which of the following substances is able to move freely across the cell membrane?
a.    water              b.    lipid soluble molecules             c.    water soluble proteins                              d.     nucleic acids         e.    both (a) and (b)

5.  Which of the following is correct?  As cell size increases, cell volume increase(s) at ______  cell surface area.
a.    the same rate as         b.    a greater rate than          c.    a slower rate than  

6.  Which of the following groups contain life forms simpler than a cell?
a.    Monera    b.     Archaea    c.     Virus     d.     Prokaryotes

7.  A cell that had relatively few energy needs would probably have a relatively small number of
a.    chromosomes         b.    lysosomes        c.    ribosomes         d.    mitochondria

8.  Which of the following processes requires both carrier molecules and energy?
a.    osmosis                             b.    facilitated transport                                                               c.    active transport                 d.     all [(a), (b), and (c)] require carriers and energy

9.  Digestive enzymes or hydrolytic enzymes are terms that would be associated with
a.    golgi apparatus    b.     smooth endoplasmic reticulum    c.  ribosomes     d.  lysosomes

10.  A plant cell placed in a hypotonic solution would
a.   shrink         b.  burst         c.  become turgid         d.  remain unchanged

11.  Cell contents are isolated from many substances in the environment due to the high concentration of  ____ in the cell membrane.
a.   phospholipids and cholesterol    b.  proteins     c.  nucleic acids    d.  enzymes

12.  The outer most boundary of   an animal cell is ___________.
a.   the cell wall    b.  the cytoskeleton    c.   nuclear envelop    d.  the cell membrane

13.  Which of the following structures are common to both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells? a.   nucleus    b.  cell membrane    c.   ribosomes    d.  both (a) and (b)    e.   both (b) and (c)

14.  Arrange the following terms from simplest structure to most complex structure.

cell          macromolecule         organ        tissue         organelle         organism

15.  Discuss the functional relationship of the following terms:   

genetic material in the nucleus                 ribosomes                 endoplasmic reticulum         golgi             secretory vesicles             proteins

16.  When red blood cells are placed in a concentrated salt solution, they will _________.

   a.  enlarge, but not burst    b.  enlarge until they burst    c.   remain unchanged    d.  shrink


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Emma Erdahl, Associate Professor of Biology
Northern Virginia Community College
Revised 8/23/00